Performance Evaluation of Thin-Film Embedded Resistors

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Thin-film microstrip circuits have been widely applied in microwave communications, electronic countermeasures (ECM), and aerospace applications, etc. When manufacturing thin-film ICs, it is very important to apply deposited thin-film resistor material to fabricate high-accuracy and highly stable thin-film embedded resistors. Thin-film ICs call for thin-film resistors that meet these stringent requirements:

  1. Square resistance should be wide enough
  2. Temperature coefficient of resistance should be small
  3. Adhesive force with substrate should be strong enough
  4. Thin-film resistors should feature a stable and reliable performance
  5. Filming should be easy and convenient
  6. Should be capable of handling high-temperature processing, high power and relatively wide application range. 

A Brief Introduction of Embedded PCBs

The first IC invented by Jack Kilby in 1959 contained only two transistors and a resistor. Nowadays, multiple complex techniques are applied to combine tens of millions of transistors into one single PC chip. With electronic products stepping towards miniaturization and multifunction, a type of embedded passive component technology occurred to meet the increasingly higher demands. The ratio between passive components and active components is approximately 20:1, density has been gradually going up with the ratio rising. With so many passive components embedded in PCBs, the area of an SMT circuit board shrinks by 40% compared to board fabricated through embedded technology.

To read this entire article, which appeared in the June 2017 issue of The PCB Design Magazine, click here.



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